Fiat Panda
Vehicle Make/Model Specifications:
Make: Fiat
Model: Panda
Fiat Panda

Not to be confused with the rare zoo resident, the Fiat Panda is a city car from the Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat. The first Fiat Panda was made in 1980 and remained there until 2003 with only few changes. It is now sometimes affectionately referred to as the "old Panda". The second model, which was launched in 2003, is sometimes referred to as the "new Panda" or "Nuova Panda", and was named the European Car of the Year in 2004. Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro created the Panda with the intent of bringing forward a modern day interpretation of the Citroen 2CV or Renault 4. He was looking for a basic and simple, no-frills utility vehicle that was easy to use and maintain. The Panda was immediately noted for its box-like styling, which would be utilized two years later in the design of the supermini Uno. Mechanically, it borrowed heavily from the Fiat reservoir of parts, specifically using engines and transmissions from the Fiat 127 and in certain markets, the air-cooled 652 cc two-cylinder engine from the Fiat 126 was also used. The theme of simplicity was also evident in the rear suspension, which used a dead axle suspended on leaf springs. The car's overall popularity remained strong throughout the 1980s and the early 1990s even though the quality of the manufacturing and parts was seen as poor by many buyers. Early cars also suffered from severe bodywork corrosion and rust, as did many other contemporary Fiat vehicles of the era. From 1996 onwards, the Panda began to be phased out across Europe, due to tightening safety legislation, yet the car remained in production in Italy until May 2003. About a year later, the new Panda was launched and the combined production of all current and prior models stands at over 4.5 million units, produced over a 20-year period.

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