Union City, NJ Car Shipping Services & Quote Calculator
Union City, NJ
Union City, NJ
New England consists of six states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont…
The Eastern Seaboard states are generally considered to be New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Washington D.C., Maryland…
Florida is probably the biggest car shipping state in the country during “snowbird season”….
The Midwest is generally considered to be Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota…
The southwestern states are Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Texas sure…
California is home to nearly one out of every eight Americans. If it were its own country,…
The Pacific Northwest includes Washington, Oregon and Idaho. It is a huge…
Colorado is synonymous with the Rocky Mountains, which actually…
We already discussed Virginia, the Carolinas and Florida as part of the Eastern Atlantic Seaboard…
The Great Plain states are mainly Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, North ….
Selecting a trustworthy car shipping company can take the stress out of moving your vehicle to or Union City, NJ. With an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau and thousands of 5-star reviews on Google, Trustpilot, FaceBook and more, our staff at Direct Express Auto Transport is among the best car shipping companies in the country. Safe, fast, straightforward, and affordable, we’ve helped thousands nationwide successfully ship their vehicles.
Make car shipping a breeze with our simple and easy-to-use Quote Calculator to see how truly fast shipping your vehicle can be. We combine reliability, professionalism, and expert service with an affordable price on shipping. Direct Express Auto Transport has a long record since 2004 of shipping cars, pick-up trucks, SUV’s, Cargo Vans and Mini-vans safely and efficiently to or Union City, NJ.
No matter what type of car you’re shipping, our passionate and professional drivers are here to help deliver your vehicle quickly and painlessly. Compared with competing car shipping companies, our customer service is simply unrivaled, and we have one of the most intuitive, user-friendly interfaces out there. We uniquely offer three tiers of pricing depending on how much of a hurry you are in. You’ve come to the right place for car shipping. Let’s get your vehicle moving to or Union City, NJ today.
Direct Express Auto Transport changed the car transport industry nearly twenty years ago with an original, innovative, instant car shipping cost calculator to safely transport vehicles. We do not ask for any personal information before providing a car shipping quote. We are one of the only car transport brokers in the business to do that. Your name, phone number and email address are not required to get a car shipping quote. When you want to know how much does it cost to ship a car, ours is the best in the business. Car shipping quotes have never been easier or more reliable than they are today. We are constantly learning and making our car shipping quote calculator more accurate. We were the first to do it in 2004, and we will argue we are still the best.
Whether shipping your car to or Union City, NJ, there are important factors to keep in mind. Only you know which of the following is likely to affect your car shipping shipment.
1. The proximity to a major metropolitan area at either end of the car shipping route helps a great deal. Why? Because it is easier for a car transporter to amalgamate a full truckload, which for long distances usually means about ten vehicles. Shipping from a major city to a major city is the best scenario for obvious reasons. But it is still generally okay to ship to or from a major city paired with a smaller town. It might take a little longer to ship a car from a small town to a small town. Adding an incentive helps with that. Only you know how well Union City, NJ fits in those scenarios. Or call our customer service desk and we will tell you.
2. Seasonality may affect Union City, NJ when shipping your vehicle. There are more vehicles shipping in the warm weather months, and that helps with amalgamating full loads. It is expensive operating a large car shipping truck, and the carrier needs to fill nearly every spot. The cold winter months make it harder for the carrier on small town routes. We can tell you what is most likely to speed things up.
3. The size and weight of your vehicle shipping to or from Union City, NJ matters. The smaller the car, the better. Every carrier load is a puzzle piece that the driver carefully considers. He has to get through the weight scales on the highway. A lighter, smaller car means he can fit a heavier or longer one. If your vehicle is either very heavy or longer, expect to pay more to transport it, and still hope it fits on a carrier’s truck. Usually mid-size vehicles are no problem.
The car shipping industry can be best separated into Auto Transport Brokers and Car Transport Carriers. The brokers book the vast majority of customer orders and rely heavily on carriers to move the vehicles. This very efficient system allows brokers and carriers, usually on CentralDispatch, but others as well, to collaborate and get the customer vehicles shipped.
Whether an individual shipping a personal car, or a business organization relocating people or vehicles, you want to know that you can rely upon an experienced auto transportation company to get it done right. Sometimes you just want cheap car shipping and you are willing to be patient. Most people, however, are in more of a hurry and we offer two higher levels of car shipping service, Expedited and Rush tiers, that speed up the process considerably.
Not as much as you would suppose. If only one thing goes wrong, a tire blowout or overheated radiator for instance, then it would be actually cheaper to ship a car across country. About 97% of all auto transport shipments are delivered in an Open-Air trailer. It’s proven to be a very safe method with statistically few problems. You may notice multiple vehicles being delivered to car dealerships near you in an Open-Air trailer, and that’s because it’s reliable. It is also cheap car shipping. If you have a collector car or really expensive automobile, however, then we recommend car shipping services with an Enclosed carrier. Expect to pay about 50% more for Enclosed transport. Our car shipping cost calculator automatically adds the extra amount to your auto transport quote
Making a nominal partial credit card payment to the auto transport broker is preferred by car shipping carriers but not essential. Carriers like getting paid with Cash or Money Order upon delivery, and who doesn’t? Services paid immediately for services rendered. But a full credit card payment upfront also works if the car shipping carrier trusts the auto transport broker. Carriers have known Direct Express Auto Transport for nearly twenty years and the trust is there. So either method works with us
The auto transport delivery is the final step in the process, and also the simplest part. Once your vehicle has been assigned to a car shipping carrier and picked up, not too much can go wrong. It generally takes one day of transit time for every 500 miles of distance. The auto transport driver will call ahead from the road to announce his estimated time of arrival.
Car Delivery Time Estimate
Depending on the distance, weather conditions and population centers it could be a few days or weeks until a vehicle reaches its destination. The car shipping carriers usually estimate about 10 days on coast to coast trips, but they frequently arrive earlier.
We recommend scheduling your auto transport service anywhere from two days to two weeks in advance. We are often able to assign your vehicle on the very same day, but providing us with longer lead times allows us to schedule your auto transportation easier. You want the most current car shipping cost, and you get that by staying within two weeks of your first available date to ship. Believe it or not, the auto transport service market can change quickly. It is seasonal. If the car shipping quote is too low, that can delay your order getting on the road. To avoid that, try not to book more than a month in advance and preferably within two weeks, because seasonal changes can impact the current pricing. Conversely, you should enjoy the savings if the rates were to go down, so having the most current pricing is always best. Our auto transport rate calculator on this page was the first one in the industry in 2004.
Over 90% of our car shipping orders are assigned and picked up
within one week. Mostly because the overwhelming majority of the
U.S. population lives nearby a major metropolitan area.
Yes and no. The strict interpretation is no, you can’t ship items inside your vehicle. The reality is that almost all auto transport carriers look the other way on items that weigh less than 100 pounds, roughly the equivalent of 2 suitcases. We recommend placing any additional items in the trunk and out of sight. The U.S. Transportation Law states that a carrier can be fined $10,000 for hauling household items in the vehicle, but it is rarely enforced. Please know that car delivery drivers estimate every vehicle’s weight that they carry and don’t want problems at weight scales. They must keep the personal items to a minimum to make it through the scales. Some drivers will accept a tip ($50-$250) for hauling extra stuff, and some won’t. Rule of thumb, don’t take advantage. The car transporter is there to ship a car, not move the owner’s personal belongings. Our car shipping calculator will not add a charge for extra items because it would be presumptuous to expect the driver to agree. If you want to include extra items in your vehicle, please discuss that first with the driver and come to a mutual agreement.
I am so pleased with my decision to use Direct Express Auto Transport! Ashley was a knowledgeable and confidence inspiring representative and my driver was on time and my car was in perfect shape!
Direct Express Auto Transport did an amazing job delivering my car. They were fast, professional and my car was delivered in excellent condition. They let me know ahead of time around what time the person would be there. They were very easy to use. I would use them again.
Jessica provided all the necessary information regarding pricing and schedules available to pick up and deliver my car, no issues, everything worked out great.
Talked to Jessica on Wednesday to have 65 El Camino shipped from Calif to Texas. Was picked up on Thursday the 16th and delivered on Monday the 20th. Beautiful truck and great driver. Sebastian was the driver's name. Also it was awesome to see all the other great cars.
Fantastic experience all around, from the office people calling me back on a Sunday when a question popped up, to getting the car delivered very quickly, the whole process went perfectly. Will use them again for sure.
This is the third time I have used Direct Express Auto Transport. Each time moving a vehicle from or to the Midwest from the West Coast. Prompt at getting the arrangements made. Carrier was timely at making pick up and hitting the target day when delivering. Carrier also communicated well with me leading up to delivery.
This is the second time that we used Direct Express Auto Transport and again, not a problem. We will use this company again next year or sooner. Both drivers were courteous and cars arrived exactly on time. Thank you!
Driver was very efficient and accommodating! Once he picked up the vehicle he stayed in contact with us all the way to delivery. Thank you very much for hauling this vehicle for us because we have no way of doing it ourselves.
Direct Express Auto Transport exceeded my expectations. They were quick to schedule and very accommodating. I even made a mistake with my arrangements on my end and they rescheduled for me - no problem. My vehicle is brand new, shipped from out of state to me with perfection. Thank you very kindly, Direct Express! Highly recommended.
My husband and I were very happy we chose this company to transport our son’s car. They were very professional and quick to pick up the car. They communicated well, arrived on time and the delivery driver was very courteous and polite. The car arrived just as we left it.. No damage, scratches, dings or dents. The price was extremely reasonable considering the high level of service they provide. All around 5 star service, will definitely use again and highly recommend to everyone we know in need of this service.
I had a great experience with this company, the driver was very professional and also very prompt. My car was transports very upstate New York to Las Vegas and the driver called to tell me I would be getting my car 2 days earlier than expected.The car was in great condition and I was very please sign yes I would use this company again and I will recommend this company to all my family and friends.
These guys were fantastic. I went with them after my first auto transport provider (that was even fully paid for in advance) gave me the worst service I've ever had. These guys were quick, straightforward, and most importantly, professional. Thanks for your service. I will highly recommend in the future. I'm happy I found them.
My car was picked up on a Friday morning and arrived at my destination two days later. The driver made sure that I was on time delivering my car and he made sure my car was delivered to me in a timely manner also. Great customer service from beginning to end. No complaints at all and will definitely use this company again. Great job!
Another excellent job by Direct Express Auto Transport! This is the 3rd time we've shipped with this Direct Express Auto Transport. They're courteous, professional, and on time. I highly recommend this company and their services!
The process was easy and simple. It was so nice to know my vehicle was transported safely, so I could have peace of mind and focus on other things related to my cross country move.
I am very pleased with the Direct Express Auto Transport. Their website and calculator was straightforward and easy to use. The idea of giving me 3 options to choose from was great. The prices were even better. But the best part was, unlike their competitors, I didn't receive one unwanted email or phone call, 5 minutes after I ran the quote. They let their prices and reviews speak for them. The trucking company was on time picking up and a day early on delivery. The driver was very polite, thorough with all the photos of the car's previous damage and refreshingly surprised when I gave him a tip. This is now my go to Auto transport company referral.
I shipped a Jeep from Dallas to Northern Michigan. What I thought would be several weeks getting on a carrier because of the remote location happened within 3 days and the jeep was delivered 3 days after pickup.
Amazing experience with this company. I have no complaints. A carrier was found for me the same day I contacted them and I received my vehicle the following day! Absolutely amazing and inexpensive.
Process was very smooth. I got the quote online and booked with Ashley because I had a question. She was both very helpful and professional. The car was picked up the next day and delivered two days afterward. Price quoted was price paid, no up-selling, no hassle.
Very pleased with the car transport. I found the web site informative, and Jessie was helpful to speak with. I offered $100 over the quoted rate from San Diego to Seattle, as an enticement to expedite pickup, and a carrier picked up the car first thing the next morning. Did that help? I'll never know if that was necessary on a straight shot up I-5, but it worked out just how I wished. My car arrived fine without drama about 5 days later.
Never used a Car transport before and knew what to expect, pickup happened exactly when promised and delivered one day EARLY, Thank you for a Great Service!
Driver made great time getting the vehicle delivered and had no issues throughout the process. Price for a trip from Texas to California was very reasonable.
I arranged for transport of a Honda Fit from St Louis to north of Denver. Driver was cordial, organized, informative and competent. The driver arrived when he said he would in St Louis and the car arrived at the destination on time.
Great job in car delivery faster than promised and in great shape. The drivers provided great communication. I would recommend these guys. The price was better than others.
I used the expedited shipping option and they told me it will be picked up within 3-4days. Luckily my car was picked up on the very first day. It was assigned to one of their transport companies and I received my car within 10days. They are very professional.
From initial contact to finish, the customer service was great. When I had a question, I contacted them via email and they responded back right away. My car arrived in a timely manner, safe and sound.
Booking was easy. The price was lower than competitors. The pick up was within the period mentioned on the website for the selected choice. Delivery was relatively quick and easy.
Scheduling shipping was quick and easy. I really liked the fact that I could see my shipping options and pricing without giving personal information. My vehicle was scheduled for pickup sooner than anticipated! Vehicle was delivered quickly!
New England consists of six states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont. Despite a low population density, it is relatively easy to ship a car to any three of those six states regardless of the distance. According to the 2020 US Census, the combined New England population is roughly 15.1 million people, or about 4.5% of the total U.S. population.
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut are easier for auto transporters than it is for Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire. Boston is actually the best big hub for auto shippers from or to New England. By far, Boston is the main auto transport hub in New England.
Southern New Hampshire, for example, is fine for vehicle shipping, because of its proximity to Boston. But once an auto transport service ventures farther north into upper New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine, it becomes increasingly more difficult to move cars in a timely fashion. Our first of a kind Direct Express Auto Transport cost calculator considers that hurdle and adds an incentive for the auto delivery driver.
The Eastern Seaboard states are generally considered to be New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. According to the 2020 US Census, the combined eastern states population is roughly 73.5 million people, or about 22% of the total U.S. population, which obviously helps auto transport cost and service.
New York is like a tale of two cities. The Big Apple is America’s largest city and its positive effect on auto transport companies extends to northern New Jersey, southern Connecticut and eastern Pennsylvania. Upstate New York has far more in common with New England, a mixed bag when it comes to auto transport delivery. Almost all of New Jersey is accessible, including Atlantic City.
In Delaware, Wilmington is by far the best city for auto transport cost and service. In Maryland, what is called the DC corridor, or I-95, runs from Baltimore to Washington, DC and is great for auto transport carriers anywhere. The far western and eastern regions of Maryland (next to Delaware) can be a tad slower. As always, trying to meet an auto transport driver near a big metropolitan area cures the remote location logistical hurdles. Well, that and money. Making it worth an auto transport carrier’s while to go out of his way helps a great deal too.
Southeastern Pennsylvania, in the Philadelphia area, is absolutely fantastic for auto transport rates and service. Venture to central Pennsylvania and the Pocono Mountains, however, and it gets sporadic. The warmer weather months are fine for auto transport carriers. But the winter brings a host of auto transportation logistical problems, as many remote areas become almost impassable for large car transport carriers. If you are also shipping from or to a remote location, the problem of timely auto transport delivery becomes even more pronounced.
Following I-95 straight down the corridor, and we run into Virginia, which is wonderful for auto transporters in the Arlington and Alexandria areas near D.C., and for the most part okay into Richmond and Norfolk. It gets slow in the western part of Virginia near Lynchburg, and the southwestern region as well.
North Carolina is actually easier for auto transport service carriers to Charlotte, Greensboro and Raleigh-Durham. However, the tawny coastal towns from Elizabeth City to Wilmington are tougher for auto transporters. The same holds true in South Carolina from Myrtle Beach to Hilton Head, with the possible exception of Charleston. Columbia is by far the best place for transporting a car in South Carolina.
Florida is probably the largest car shipping state in the country during “snowbird season”. Every year the snowbirds flock to Florida in the winter, and then return home again in the spring. An auto transport company can’t go wrong following the I-95 corridor along Jacksonville, Daytona Beach, Orlando, Melbourne, Port St. Lucie, Boca Raton, Fort Lauderdale and Miami. Those are all great destinations from and to Florida. According to the 2020 US Census, the Florida population has roughly 21.8 million people, or about 6.6% of the total U.S. population.
It is much the same thing on the Gulf of Mexico side, following I-75 through Tampa, St. Petersburg, Fort Myers and Naples. Shipping cars to the Gulf coast is a like an easy tropical breeze. Snowbirds from the Midwest states tend to favor the Gulf of Mexico side. The east coast folks tend to favor the Atlantic side, and in particular, New Yorkers gravitate to Miami. But really, you find people from everywhere in Florida. And many are just searching for their lost shaker of salt, as Jimmy Buffett might say.
Go south of Homestead into the Florida Keys, however, and all bets are off. Shipping a car to Key West is extremely difficult. Not many car transport carriers just passing through. Do yourself a favor by meeting an auto transport carrier in either Key Largo or Homestead. You will get the best auto transport cost and service the closer you get to Miami or Fort Lauderdale. That’s good advice to everybody in Florida.
The Midwest is generally considered to be Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota. It is not hard for an auto transport company to put together a full load in the Midwest. Just look at the big cities packed so closely together: Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Saint Louis, Kansas City, Milwaukee, Des Moines and Minneapolis. Those are very popular car shipping routes. The combined Midwest population is roughly 62.3 million people, or about 18.8% of the total U.S. population.
The freeway system throughout the Midwest is beautifully laid out. For that, we have President Dwight D. Eisenhower to thank. Way to go Ike! The East-West Interstates I-70, I-80, I-90 and I-94 cut through the Midwest states, while the North-South interstates I-35, I-39, I-55, I-57, I-65, I-69, I-71, I-75, I-77 and more, weave their way as well.
Being in the center of the country, folks in the Midwest are using auto transport services in every direction. Chicago is king, but there are scores of huge metropolitan areas all over the Midwest. Direct Express Auto Transport created the very first auto transport rate calculator in 2004. Try it now in the Midwest.
The southwestern states are generally considered to be Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. According to the 2020 US Census, the combined Texas, New Mexico and Arizona population is roughly 38.9 million people, or about 11.7% of the total U.S. population.
Texas is almost like two very different states. The eastern part that includes Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, San Antonio and Houston, is where most of the Texas population resides, and therefore, most auto transport services happen. Dallas is one of the four easiest places to ship your car in America, the others being Los Angeles, Chicago and Atlanta.
The western part of Texas, including Amarillo, Lubbock, Midland and Odessa, and along the Mexican border in places like El Paso, Laredo, McAllen, are so spread out that it becomes very difficult for car transport companies to get things done quickly. The auto transport cost goes way up at the border. It is practically speaking, the end of the distribution line, folks.
New Mexico has only one reliable place for car shipping and that’s Albuquerque. No other place can be counted on, including Santa Fe. For sure vehicles are shipped all over New Mexico, like Las Cruces, but it typically takes longer than average.
In Arizona, Phoenix is wonderful for auto transport services. That includes Chandler, Gilbert, Mesa, Scottsdale and Glendale. All wonderful for the best auto transport rates and service. Farther south, Tucson is good too. Flagstaff much less so because of the higher elevation. Use our original auto transport cost calculator to see the difference.
The western states of California, Nevada and Utah have a combined population of 45.2 million people, which is about 13.6% of the total U.S. population, according to the 2020 US Census. California alone is home to 39 million people. If it were its own country, California’s economy would rank sixth worldwide. No surprise that California is bustling with auto transport carriers. The Los Angeles basin, in particular, is a fantastic place to ship a car.
San Diego is often overlooked and in Los Angeles’ shadow. But it is a huge metropolitan center and an excellent place the best auto transport quotes and service. Once over The Los Angeles Grapevine, as they call it, which is over the San Gabriel Mountains, all of a sudden the road turns to desert. Things get tough in the desert even for towns like Bakersfield and Fresno. The Sierra Nevada Mountain range is also hard for auto transport service companies.
The San Francisco Bay Area, which also includes Oakland, San Jose and Sacramento, is wonderful for auto transport companies. Santa Cruz and Monterey are actually touch-and-go. It happens, but not as fast as you would hope. North of Sacramento, vehicle shipments slow to a crawl. If you are using our auto transport cost calculator, you will see that the best pricing is in the Los Angeles Basin and San Francisco Bay areas.
In Nevada, Las Vegas is a very popular destination for car shipping companies. Everywhere else in Nevada is a lot slower, including Reno. The same holds true for Utah, where auto transport quotes and service go very well in Salt Lake City, but for the rest of the state a customer may wait a while longer for a car shipping service.
The Pacific Northwest includes Washington, Oregon and Idaho. According to the 2020 US Census, the combined Pacific northwest population is roughly 14 million people, or about 4% of the total U.S.. It is a huge chunk of territory with only three reliable cities for car shippers, Seattle, Portland and Boise. The latter works fairly well if shipping a car in the western region, but otherwise it is not big enough to attract fast service from the eastern half of the country, or for that matter, from or to Union City, NJ.
Shipping a car from either Seattle or Portland usually goes lightning fast almost year-round. However, car shipping to Seattle or Portland is slower from anywhere, including (state), except the Pacific seaboard. The rest of Washington and Oregon is very much like Idaho when it comes to car shipping. It is tough. The Direct Express Auto Transport quote calculator will provide a reliable quote to ship your car in any of those places.
According to the 2020 US Census, the Colorado population is roughly 5.8 million people, or about 1.7% of the total U.S. population. Colorado is synonymous with the Rocky Mountains, which actually runs from Canada to New Mexico. For most of the year, an auto transport service can ship a car in a timely fashion from or to Colorado. Once the snow falls and until it melts, however, auto transport service in Colorado becomes extremely difficult. The reality of that is reflected in our auto transport cost calculator.
From April until about November, in most years, Colorado is easily accessible and inclement weather not a concern. Typically our auto transport rate calculator shows that it is cheaper shipping from Colorado, rather than transporting to it. That is especially true in the large Denver metropolitan area, and in other cities such as Fort Collins, Loveland, Boulder, Aurora, Colorado Springs, Greeley, Longmont, Lakewood and Littleton.
The Southern Dixieland states are generally considered to be Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and West Virginia. According to the 2020 US Census, the combined southern population is roughly 39.6 million people, or about 11.9% of the total U.S. population.
Auto transport service reviews are in, and the best car shipping place in Dixie is Atlanta! In fact, Atlanta is one of the busiest auto transport service hubs in the country. Just fantastic! In Alabama, it is Birmingham that works best. The more rural locations tend to be slower for vehicle shipping.
In Mississippi, shipping a car is usually slower, save Jackson, which is only moderately better. It has to do with population size, which is smaller and for the most part very rural in Mississippi. In Louisiana, however, New Orleans, also called “The Big Easy”, is a fine place to ship a car. The rest of Louisiana is a tad slower, and the Bayou can be frustrating.
Arkansas has Little Rock to speed things along. Tennessee is much easier, because of Memphis, Nashville and Knoxville. Kentucky has the triangle cities of Louisville, Lexington and Covington, across the Ohio River from Cincinnati, which is by far the best place for auto transport companies. West Virginia is the most frustrating state east of the Mississippi River, because of the Appalachian Mountains and sparse population.
The Great Plain states are Kansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana and Wyoming. Amazingly, in that entire huge swath of land covering so much of the central United States, only Oklahoma City is somewhat reliable to ship a car. Isn’t that something? According to the 2020 US Census, the combined Great Plains population is roughly 12.2 million people, or about 3.7% of the total U.S. population. That’s very few folks across an incredibly large land mass.
In the Great Plains states, we recommend you get your car closer to a major interstate. We shoot straight at Direct Express Auto Transport. It serves no good purpose to sugar coat anything. There are two ways to look at it. There are so few vehicles shipping to or from the Great Plains, which can mean that what is available is actually in high demand. Conversely, there are so few cars available that it becomes difficult and expensive to amalgamate full loads, or about 10 vehicles, to or from the Great Plains. Patience becomes a virtue.