Yugo GVS

The Zastava Koral, which is known in the United States simply as the Yugo, is a subcompact vehicle built by the Zastava Corporation. Zastava was founded as an arms maker in 1853. By the late 1930s the company had expanded into the automobile industry and was supplying Ford designed trucks to the Yugoslav Army. This manner of vehicle production continued until 1941 when World War II began affecting Yugoslavia. Following the war Zastava was allowed to manufacture Jeeps under license from Willys-Overland until that arrangement was halted in the early 1950s. Anyhow, the GV design was based on the components of the Fiat 127 and the Fiat 128, and a modified Autobianchi A112 body style. The Yugo was introduced in the United States by means of Malcolm Bricklin, who wanted to release a simple, low cost car to that market. The GV was available in the United States from 1984 to 1992. There have been a number of models inspired by the Yugo 45. These include the Yugo 55, the 60, the 65, the Koral, the Ciao, the Tempo, the Cabrio, the GV, the GV Plus, the GVX and the GVL. Until the 1980s, Yugo engines had been fitted with a carburetor before fuel-injected models were introduced beginning with the GVX-EFI, which featured a 1300 cc engine designed by Porsche for Fiat. This fuel injection system was provided by BOSCH. Yugo faced a host of problems in the American market. Along with other Central and Eastern Europe models marketed in the West during the 20th century, Yugo was subjected to criticism and skepticism by reviewers who highlighted its use of aged Fiat technology as allegedly negatively affecting the build quality and reliability. Due to United Nations sanctions on Yugoslavia, Zastava was forced to withdraw the car from the US market.