Volvo 164

The Volvo 164 is a sedan manufactured by Volvo from 1968 to 1975. The 164 was launched in late 1968 as a 1969 model. When production ended in 1975, a total of 146,008 units had been built over the lifetime of the car. The design of the 164 came from Volvo designer Jan Wilsgaard and was first seen in the late 1950s as a concept car called the P358. It was powered by a large V8, but it was cancelled when the home market was determined to be too small. The front end was inspired both by the Wolseley 6/99 and the Volvo P1900. When the 164 was released, it was the first time for 10 years that Volvo had offered a 6 cylinder engine with the last time being the PV800 series. The front bodywork was also quite different from the 140, as the hood was longer to make room for the bigger engine and it was given a large grille that looked more dominating. Further, the interior was also more luxurious, and even included optional leather. Under the hood, the 164 was powered by a 3-litre OHV straight 6 cylinder engine. The models from 1969 until 1971 were equipped with dual Zenith Stromberg 175CD2SE constant-depression carburetors. In 1972, Bosch's first volume-production electronic fuel injection system, D-Jetronic, was made available as an optional equipment item. The carburetors were later dropped and the D-Jet became standard for the 1973 model year. The models that were equipped with the fuel injection were badged 164E models, with the E standing for einspritzung, which is the German word for fuel injection. Much like the other fuel-injected Volvos, the 164E models gave improved performance with less-toxic exhaust emissions than their carbureted siblings. On the other hand, the D-Jetronic system was not known for its fuel economy.