Toyota Cressida

In the United States, the Toyota Cressida was known as the four-door Supra. This resulted because the Supra and the Cressida shared the same M series I6 engine, had rear-wheel drive, and were both flagship cars for Toyota at the time. The Toyota Cressida was a mid-size, high-end luxury sedan launched by Toyota in 1973. It was first exported in its second generation in 1977. The same chassis, with slightly varied bodies were offered in other countries as the Toyota Mark II, the Toyota Chaser and the Toyota Cresta. The Cressida name was dropped in 1992, but the chassis and the Mark II, the Chaser, and the Cresta names continued in production in Japan until the early 2000s. The Japanese market tastes were typically formal in the mid-1980s and the Cressida followed suit. In 1985, the Cressida, the Mark II and the Chaser went more upright and square, as overseas trends were moving toward rounded fluid shapes. The Cressida became available worldwide in a variety of trims and engines. The offered engines included the G-series I6, the M-series I6 and the R-series I4 gasoline engines. There was also the L series diesel I4. Because of its luxurious details, the Cressida is often credited for providing the inspiration for the Lexus brand, which is a separate division of Toyota. Even though it was dropped in early 1992, the Cressida still held the title of Toyota's largest luxury sedan until 1995. At that point the introduction of the front-wheel drive, American-made Avalon occurred. The Avalon is now taken to be the modern-day Cressida in North America. However, since the canning of the Cressida, Toyota has not sold a rear-wheel drive sedan under the Toyota nameplate in North America. In reality though, this has not been much of a problem for the company as their sales have continued to be phenomenal in all other segments.