Saab 9000

The 9000, an automobile made by Saab, was released in 1985. The design of the 9000 is credited to Giorgetto Giugiaro. It was later supplanted by the Saab 9-5 in the spring of 1998. The original 9000 was a 5-door hatchback although a 4-door sedan version was later added, and in 1992, the hatchback appearance was modified in the CS version. The Type Four chassis, upon which the 9000 was built, was shared with the Fiat Croma, the Lancia Thema and the Alfa Romeo 164. Cool thing is that because they were very similar, many parts can be exchanged between the four cars regardless of the brand. Further, the Fiat and the Lancia looked very much like the Saab, but the Alfa Romeo only shared the chassis. For example, in terms of the exchangeable parts, the doors from the Fiat Croma fit directly on the 9000, but are lighter. Also, the windshield from the Croma can also be used on the 9000. For the first year of production, the only engine offered was a water-cooled DOHC 16-valve 4-cylinder engine with a turbocharger, at 1985 cc, producing 175 hp. It was equipped with a computer display that was designed by Andrew Marrack, and showed actual and approximate fuel consumption. It also showed the distance to an empty fuel tank, alternator output voltage, lowest battery voltage during engine start and the outside temperature. Indications like these were, of course, unheard of at the time. A really neat feature is that if the outside temperature fell to a range of 26° to 38 °F, the temp display is automatically selected to warn of possible 'black ice' road conditions. Further, a separate pictogram monitored oil pressure, showed open doors/hatch, and all exterior light bulbs in case of failures. Even later models added additional trip computer functions to a separate display that was combined with the clock.