Lexus GS 430

The Lexus GS is a series of mid-size luxury sports sedans sold by Lexus, the luxury division of Toyota. They have been overwhelmingly successful which is evident in sales and in reviews. The GS was Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year for 1998. It also made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1998 through 2000. The first GS, based on the platform and running gear of the Toyota Crown, was introduced in 1991 in Japan and two years later in the United States, Europe and selected markets in Asia. The GS was designed to fill the gap between the ES and LS and to provide Lexus with a sports sedan that could compete with the BMW 5-Series and the Mercedes-Benz E-Class. The third generation GS was first sold in 2005 as a 2006 model, with the chassis codename GRS190. The model lineup included the GS 300, with a 3.0 L V6 3GR-FSE engine, and the GS 430 with the same 4.3 L V8 used in the previous model. The GS 300 has a direct-injection engine for all markets except for Continental Asia. The 3.0 L engine is also found in the Toyota Mark X as well as the Zero Toyota Crown. A 4WD option was made available in the GS 300 only. The 2001 model year was the only year with any major changes in the second generation GS. New clear taillights were added and the turn signal indicators were changed as well. Additionally, the front end received a very slightly revised grill and headlights that were now very subtly tinted. Phenomenal Xenon High-intensity headlights were now standard on the V8 and optional on the V6. Inside, more wood trim was added and shift buttons were now mounted on the GS 300s steering wheel. In 2001, the V8 engine received a 0.3 liter bump in displacement and the model was renamed GS 430. Peak horsepower was unchanged, but torque increased to 325 ft•lbf.