Fiat Croma

The Fiat Croma is a nameplate used for two separate automobiles produced by Italian automaker Fiat, one built from 1985 to 1996 and the other since 2005. The original Croma was a five-door notchback created by Giorgetto Giugiaro and was built upon the "Type Four" chassis. This particular chasses was designed as a collaboration between several companies and included being used for the Saab 9000, the Lancia Thema and the Alfa Romeo 164. Although the other models were executive cars, the Fiat Croma was marketed in the large family car segment, thus replacing the Fiat Argenta. It came available in a variety of gasoline and Diesel engines, the former from the Fiat DOHC engine family. Diesel engines were the Fiat's 1.9 L fitted with a turbocharger with direct injection. In 2005 the Croma name was resurrected and this time in association with a large crossover wagon with an upright tailgate, reminiscent of that of the Fiat Stilo. Again, Giugiaro styled the exterior, while the chassis was provided via the short-lived association with General Motors. Thus explaining why the new Croma is based on the GM Epsilon platform which shares components with the Opel Vectra and the Saab 9-3. It went on sale in Italy in June 2005. Unlike the previous model, and aware of its lack of image in the upper market segments, Fiat opted for not developing a standard large family car but developing an automobile with design elements of both estates and large Multi Purpose Vehicles. Its height of 1600 mm falls between the Mitsubishi Grandis, the Ford S-MAX and the Toyota Avensis Wagon. To the pleasure of safety conscious drivers, the Croma has a five star EuroNCAP crash rating. It is manufactured with nine airbags as standard including a knee bag for the driver, all of which add value beyond simply a dollar amount.